These are some of most important U.S. Supreme Court cases that impact your rights during police encounters. Click on each case to get a brief description of the case and a practical explanation of how the ruling might impact how you should approach a given police encounter.

The Bill of Rights protections that matter most during police encounters are mandated by the U.S. Supreme Court, and all states must uphold them. States may offer more protection for these rights than the Supreme Court does, but not less. For that reason, our information is applicable to all 50 states in the U.S.

Dog Sniffs

Illinois v. Caballes

Exclusionary Rule

Mapp v. Ohio

Hudson v. Michigan


Miranda v. Arizona

Searches and Seizures

Florida v. Bostick

Schneckloth v. Bustamonte

Whren v. U.S.

Stop and Frisk

Terry v. Ohio